This document presents an abridged analytical summary of the inventory of existing information on HIV among prison communities in sub-Saharan Africa, identifies gaps in information and proposes a framework for action. The key finding is that there is insufficient knowledge about the prison community, both in and out of correctional facilities. What is known is alarming and underscores the importance of acting rapidly to fill information gaps in order to better assess national situations, identify good practices and support more effective national policies, programs and service delivery. The document includes a section on next steps, which can be adapted to meet differing country circumstances. Read more..